World Suicide Prevention Day. World Suicide Prevention Day is an awareness day observed on 10 September every year, in order to provide worldwide commitment and action to prevent suicides, with various activities around the world since 2003.
The International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) collaborates with the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Federation for Mental Health (WFMH) to host World Suicide Prevention Day. In 2011 an estimated 40 countries held awareness events to mark the occasion. According to WHO’s Mental health Atlas released in 2014, no low-income country reported having a national suicide prevention strategy, while less than 10% of lower-middle income countries, and almost a third of upper-middle and high-income countries had.
On its first event in 2003, the 1999 World Health Organization’s global suicide prevention initiative is mentioned with regards to the main strategy for its implementation, requiring:
- “The organisation of global, regional and national multi-sectoral activities to increase awareness about suicidal behaviours and how to effectively prevent them.”
- “The strengthening of countries capabilities to develop and evaluate national policies and plans for suicide prevention.”
As of recent WHO releases, challenges represented by social stigma, the taboo to openly discuss suicide, and low availability of data are still to date obstacles leading to poor data quality for both suicide and suicide attempts: “given the sensitivity of suicide – and the illegality of suicidal behaviour in some countries – it is likely that under-reporting and misclassification are greater problems for suicide than for most other causes of death.”
Suicide Prevention’s priorities, as declared on the 2012 World Suicide Prevention Day event, are stated below:
- We need to continue to research suicide and non-fatal suicidal behaviour, addressing both risk and protective factors.
- We need to develop and implement awareness campaigns, with the aim of increasing awareness of suicidal behaviours in the community, incorporating evidence on both risk and protective factors.
- We need to target our efforts not only to reduce risk factors but also to strengthen protective factor, especially in childhood and adolescence.
- We need to train health care professionals to better understand evidence-based risk and protective factors associated with suicidal behaviour.
- We need to combine primary, secondary and tertiary prevention.
- We need to increase use of and adherence to treatments shown to be effective in treating diverse conditions; and to prioritise research into effectiveness of treatments aimed at reducing self-harm and suicide risk.
- We need to increase the availability of mental health resources and to reduce barriers to accessing care.
- We need to disseminate research evidence about suicide prevention to policy makers at international, national and local levels.
- We need to reduce stigma and promote mental health literacy among the general population and health care professionals.
- We need to reach people who don’t seek help, and hence don’t receive treatment when they are in need of it.
- We need to ensure sustained funding for suicide research and prevention.
- We need to influence governments to develop suicide prevention strategies for all countries and to support the implementation of those strategies that have been demonstrated to save lives.
We acknowledge the information published on Wikipedia and WHO websites which has provided much of the detail for this article.